Hannah Höch was a German Dada artist and is known for being one of the originators of photomontage. She was born in Gotha, Germany on November 1st, 1889. She was the most important female artist of the Modernist period in Germany. Her work centres around the dadaistic principle of photomontage which she developed, in the early years of the 20th century. Without subscribing to a canon of form as a fixed program, she opened up new and unnerving worlds of images through the manifold combination of contradictory sequences, formed of cutouts from magazines, brochures and photographs. Her criticism of the political situation and gender roles is subtly cloaked in hallucinatory plant representations and grotesque scenes of absurd hybrid beings.
She studied at the College of Arts and Crafts in Berlin from 1912 to 1914. 1914 was the start of World War 1 and so she left to join the Red Cross but returned to her studies in 1915. Höch made many influential friends over the years, including Raoul Hausmann who (along with Höch), became one of the first pioneers of the photomontage art form. Höch was also in a relationship with Hausmann for some time and often expressed her relationships in her art. Her relationship with him caused both artists to work more thoroughly with collage. Höch was known as the references the hypocrisy of the Berlin Dada group and German society as a whole. She continued painting until she died in Berlin on May 31st 1978.