Li Shan has undergone many stylistic changes throughout his unique artistic career but has never lost his ability to express internal sensibilities as well as external reluctances. The latest paintings in his "Rouge" series show mutant beings with butterflies as ears or as part of their faces. They seem to evoke the two contradictory strains that entail humor, laughter and self-mockery on the one hand and a cynical undercurrent of criticism on the other. "Rouge" is based on the principle of ambiguity. Li Shan attempts to find an evolving form that can address the problem of trying to extract the recognizable out of the unrecognizable.
Most recently in a series entitled "Reading" (2005), he created computer images of various insects and plants. Closer viewing reveals that these insects are composed of human body parts like fingers, ears and genitalia. Through his uncannily realistic representation of interspecies insects, Li Shan questions the hypocrisy and lack of equality of human values in today's politically informed bio-scientific experiments. In terms of artistic style, he has adopted decorative methods similar to those of folk art, thus creating intimate, eccentric and oddly organic objects. Indeed, they seem to be mutant creatures from some hypothetical textbook on horticulture. The synthesized insects are constructions of digital imagery morphed into abstracted pictures. He raises the question of whether it is still possible to identify the boundaries between any particular organism and the world it inhabits. Li Shan's seemingly infinite variety of work reveals a sort of consistency upon closer inspection. All the works evoke a tension within the idea of the yet unknown. He manages to reconcile opposites in a way that leaves them un-reconciled, allowing viewers to reach their own conclusions.
Li Shan was born in Lanxi County in Heilongjiang province and graduated from the Shanghai Academy of Drama in 1968. His paintings have demonstrated a strong Expressionist vocabulary since the 1970s, and since then have shown increasingly Primitivist tendencies, including the incorporation of sexual imagery-a taboo subject in Maoist era painting. His Primal Beginnings series are intense expressions of the emotional turmoil, In 1988 Li Shan created his Mona Lisa series, a combination of lotus flower imagery from popular paintings and images of the Mona Lisa, which seeks to demonstrate the expressive power of allegorical symbols embedded in vulgarized images. This theme becomes stronger and clearer in his recent Rouge Series, in which the artist uses huge canvases, finely detailed airbrush technique and hermaphroditic images to create a climate of emotional unease and to express the sense that people have been "neutered" by the combined social effects of knowledge, language and authority. Li Shan is one member of "New Art From China: Post-1989" and become internationally Known as his Political Pop style.